JAPANESE / ENGLISH

The December 26, 2004 Earthquake Tsunami Disaster of Indian Ocean

Research Group on The December 26, 2004 Earthquake Tsunami Disaster of Indian Ocean
Yoshiaki KAWATA, Haruo HAYASHI (Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University. Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution, JAPAN)
Fumihiko IMAMURA, Shunichi KOSHIMURA (Disaster Control Research Center, Tohoku University, JAPAN)
Kenji SATAKE (Active Fault Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, JAPAN)
Yoshinobu TSUJI (Earthquake Research Institute, University of Tokyo, JAPAN)
Koji FUJIMA (National Defense Academy, JAPAN)
Isao HAYASHI (National Museum of Ethnology, JAPAN)
Hideo MATSUTOMI, Tomoyuki TAKAHASHI (Faculty of Engineering and Resource Science, Akita University, JAPAN)
Yuichiro TANIOKA, Yuichi NISHIMURA (Institute of Seismology and Volcanology, Hokkaido University, JAPAN)
Masafumi MATSUYAMA (Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, JAPAN)
Norio MAKI (Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, JAPAN)
Kei HORIE (Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention, JAPAN)
Nobuaki KOIKE (Wakayama National College of Technology, JAPAN)
Kenji HARADA (Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institute, The Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake Memorial Research Institute, JAPAN)
Shingo SUZUKI (Graduate School of Informatics, Kyoto University, JAPAN)

This study has been partially supported by the MEXT grant (16800055).


This site is maintained by Website Team (Email To: ),
Research Group on The December 26, 2004 Earthquake Tsunami Disaster of Indian Ocean.


NEWS

Last Modified: Tuesday, 02/13/2007 14:49 +0900

New

REPORT: Comprehensive analysis of the damage and its impact on coastal zones by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami disaster
Project for the Promotion of the Story of "Inamura no Hi" in the Asian region
Tsunami Records in Thailand - Sin-Iti Iwasaki, National Research Institute for Earthquake Science and Disaster Prevention
Field survey result of Banda Aceh, Indonesia - Yokohama National Univ., Tokyo Univ. of Marine Science and Technology, Pacific Consultants International, Syiah Kuala Univ.
Activities of International Organizations - Mid-Term Report from OCHA
Numerical Simulation by Andrey Babeyko, University of Frankfurt/M and Stephan Sobolev, GFZ Potsdam, Germany
Field survey result of Sri Lanka South East Coast - University of Tokyo
Field survey result of Thailand - Univ. of Tokyo, JAMSTEC, Thai Meteorological Department, Rangsit Univ., HAII
Recording the tsunami along South African Coast - CSIR(Council of South Africa for Industrial Research)
Field survey result of Maldives
Measured tsunami heights from 2nd field survey of Thailand
Ultra-long period seismic moment of the great December 26, 2004 Sumatra earthquake and implications for the slip process
Crustal Deformations Associated with the Sumatra Earthquake on December 26, 2004 (RCEP, DPRI, Kyoto Univ.)
Distribution of the Tsunami Heights of the 2004 Sumatera Tsunami in Banda Aceh measured by the Tsunami Survey Team (The Head: Dr. Tsuji)
Astronomical Tide Levels along the coast of Indian Ocean

Photo / Image Database

Photos from Kenji Harada, DPRI, Kyoto University

INDEX New: Modified in the last 7 days

Earthquake

Overview
Seismic Information
Crustal Deformation

Tsunami

Observation
Sea Floor Topography
Historical Tsunami
Tsunami Magnitude

Modeling

Maps

Potential Tsunami Disaster Sites

Photo/Image Database

Resources

Satellite Imagery
Tsunami Video
Photo
GIS Data

Link

 

Survey

Field Survey Result
Indonesia
Thailand
India
Sri Lanka
Maldives
Somalia
Malaysia New
Clearing House
Tide Table
Sea Level

Conferences

 

Casualty

Affected Area
Casualty
Articles on the Web [Japanese]

Witnesses and Experiences

Mitigation and Preparedness New

International

Activities of International Organizations
International Relief
Response of countries outside affected region
Response of international organization
Response of countries inside affected region
Japanese Red Cross International News [Japanese]

Media Sites

United Nations Sites

Government Sites

The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster Survey Report

Preface
Chapter 1 The 2004 December, Northern Sumatra Earthquake and the Indian Ocean Tsunamis
Chapter 2 Earthquake, Tsunami and Damage at Banda Aceh and the Environs in Northern Sumatra
Chapter 3 Field Survey Report on the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in the Southwestern Coast of Sri Lanka
Chapter 4 Field Survey and Numerical Simulation on the 2004 Off Sumatra Earthquake Tsunami in Thailand
Chapter 5 Survey of the tsunami damage in the Maldives
Chapter 6 Field Research on Social and Physical Impacts, and Responses in the Affected Areas
Chapter 7 Information Sharing on Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster - Web site development

Earthquake Information

Overview (USGS)

Mainshock

Date-Time:   December 26, 2004 at 00:58:49 (UTC), at 07:58:49 (Local Time)
Location:   OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA (3.244°N, 95.825°E)
Depth:   10km
Magnitude:   9.0

Aftershock

Last 7 days    Last 8-30 days    Map
MAG DATE UTC-TIME LAT LON DEPTH   Region
6.2 2004/12/26 01:21:21 6.392 93.389 30.0   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.0 2004/12/26 02:52:02 12.479 92.566 30.0   ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
7.1 2004/12/26 04:21:29 6.893 92.901 36.9   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.6 2004/12/26 09:20:01 8.911 92.346 10.3   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.3 2004/12/26 10:19:29 13.470 92.779 5.8   ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.3 2004/12/26 11:05:01 13.567 92.872 13.1   ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.1 2004/12/26 15:06:35 3.663 94.013 30.0   OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
6.2 2004/12/26 19:19:56 2.776 94.171 30.0   OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
6.0 2004/12/27 00:32:16 5.490 94.451 30.0   NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
6.1 2004/12/27 00:49:28 12.996 92.430 18.5   ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.1 2004/12/27 09:39:07 5.361 94.661 35.0   NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA
6.1 2004/12/29 01:50:56 9.076 93.795 24.9   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.2 2004/12/29 05:56:51 8.781 93.218 30.0   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.3 2004/12/31 02:24:01 7.127 92.556 11.9   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.0 2004/12/31 12:04:57 6.217 92.913 4.6   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.5 2005/01/01 06:25:45 5.046 92.276 10.0   OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA
6.2 2005/01/02 15:35:56 6.332 92.799 30.0   NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.1 2005/01/04 09:13:12 10.656 92.368 20.0   ANDAMAN ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.1 2005/01/09 22:12:56
4.92
95.12
40.0
  NORTHERN SUMATRA, INDONESIA REGION
6.3 2005/01/24 04:16:47
7.35
92.46
30.0
  NICOBAR ISLANDS, INDIA REGION
6.2 2005/01/26 22:00:40
2.73
94.52
10.0
  OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHEAN SUMATRA

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Seismic Information

USGS

Earthquake Hazards Program: NEIC Fast Moment Solution

Harvard

Harvard Moment Tensor Solution
 

Yamanaka, ERI, University of Tokyo

EIC SEISMOLOGICAL NOTE: No.161

Yagi, Building Research Institute

Preliminary Result of Rupture Process for 2004 OFF COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA Giant Earthquake

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Crustal Deformation

Hashimoto, Research Center for Earthquake Prediction, DPRI, Kyoto University

Crustal Deformations Associated with the Sumatra Earthquake on December 26, 2004

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Link

USGS

Finite Fault Model
Historical Seismicity
Historical USGS Moment Tensor Solution
Theoritical P-Wave Travel Times
Hazards Data Distribution System

IRIS Special Report

 

BMG, Indonesia

Badan Meteorologi dan Geofisika
ASEAN Earthquake Information Center

Seth Stein and Emile Okal at Northwestern University

Ultra-long period seismic moment and implications for the slip process

California Institute of Technology

Sumatran Plate Boundary Project

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Tsunami Information

Timeline

NOAA

Observation Data

WC/ATWC

West Coast & Alaska Tsunami Warning Center
 

UHSLC

University of Hawaii Sea Level Center

Thailand

Tsunami Records in Thailand

Indonesia

(Provided by Dr. Parluhutan Manurung)
Panjang - Tsunami Plot Image / Data
Pelabuhan - Tsunami Plot Image / Data
Sibolga - Tsunami Plot Image / Data

India

National Institute of Oceanography

Sri Lanka

Colombo, UHSLC

Maldives

Hanimaadohoo, UHSLC
Male, UHSLC
Gan, UHSLC

Diego Garcia

Diego Garcia, UHSLC

Mautitius

Rodrigues, UHSLC
Port Louis, UHSLC

Seychelles

Pt. La Rue, UHSLC

Oman

Salalah, UHSLC

Kenya

Lamu, UHSLC

Tanzania

Zanzibar, UHSLC

South Africa

Memorandum on the Sumatran Tsunami, CSIR (PDF)

Antarctica

Syowa Station, Hydrographic and Oceanographic Department, Japan Coast Guard

Australia

Cocos Is., WC/ATWC

New Zealand

Jackson Bay, WC/ATWC
Chatham I., WC/ATWC

Vanuatu

Port Vila, WC/ATWC

New Caledonia

Noumea, WC/ATWC

Tonga

Nukualofa, WC/ATWC
 

Fiji

King's Wharf, WC/ATWC

American Samoa

Pago Pago, WC/ATWC

French Polynesia

Nuku Hiva, WC/ATWC

Russia

Severo Kurilsk, WC/ATWC

Mexico

Cabo San Lucas, WC/ATWC
Manzanillo, WC/ATWC

USA

Hilo, Hawaii, WC/ATWC
Kahului, Hawaii, WC/ATWC
Kawaihae, Hawaii, WC/ATWC
Honolulu, Hawaii, WC/ATWC
Adak, Alaska, WC/ATWC
Dutch Harbor, Alaska, WC/ATWC
Neah Bay, Washington, WC/ATWC
Crescent City, California, WC/ATWC
Arena Cove, California, WC/ATWC
Point Reyes, California, WC/ATWC
San Francisco, California, WC/ATWC
Moterey, California, WC/ATWC
Port San Luis, California, WC/ATWC
Santa Monica, California, WC/ATWC
Los Angeles, California, WC/ATWC
La Jolla, California, WC/ATWC
San Diego, California, WC/ATWC
Antofagasta, California, WC/ATWC

El Salvador

Acajutla, WC/ATWC

Galapagos Is.

Baltra I., WC/ATWC

Peru

Callao, WC/ATWC

Chile

Arica, WC/ATWC
Iquique, WC/ATWC
Caldera, WC/ATWC
Coquimbo, WC/ATWC
Valparaiso, WC/ATWC
San Antonio, WC/ATWC
Talcahuano, WC/ATWC
Corral, WC/ATWC
Punta Corona, WCA/TWC
Puerto Williams, WC/ATWC

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Bathymetry of Tsunami Source Area

(Matsuyama, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry)
Indian Ocean (GIF Image)Sumatra & Malay (GIF Image)

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Historical Tsunamis occurred off coast of Sumatra

  (Solov'iev and Go (1975) Tsunami Catalog)
DATE LAT LON M m  
1797/02/10 0°N 99°E 8 3  
1833/11/24 2.5°N 100.5°E 8.25 2.5  
1843/01/05 1.5°N 98°E 7.25 2  
1861/02/16 1°N 97.5°E 8.5 3  
1907/01/04 1.5°N 97°E 7.5 2  

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Historical Tsunamis in the Indian Ocean

Tsunami Events in the Indian Ocean Region

NOAA/NGDC Tsunami Event Database Search

Tsunami Runup (Source region = Indian Ocean)

NOAA/NGDC Tsunami Runup Database Search
 

Tsunami Database (ArcIMS Interactive Map)

NOAA/NGDC

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Tsunami Magnitude

(quoted from email Abe, ERI, University of Tokyo posted on tsunami-japan on January 27, 2005)
    H2(Maximum crest-to-trough amplitude on tide gage record in m) X(Distance from epicenter to station along the shortest oceanic path in km) Mt(Tsunami Magunitude)
Vishakapatnam India 2.4 2,070 9.3
Tuticorin India 2.1 2,100 9.2
Kochi India 1.3 2,400 9.0
Cocos Is. Australia 0.5 1,820 8.5
Hillarys Australia 0.9 4,600 9.2
Hanimaadhoo Maldive 2.2 2,500 9.3
Male Maldive 2.1 2,500 9.3
Gan Maldive 1.4 2,500 9.1
Diego Garcia Chagos A. 0.8 2,700 8.9
Tsunami Magnitude Mt of Sumatra, Indonesia 9.1

Tsunami Magnitude of historical tsunamis

1837 Valdivia, Chile 9.3
1841 Kamchatka 9.0
1868 Arica, Chile 9.0
1877 Iquique, Chile 9.0
1946 Aleutians 9.3
1952 Kamchatka 9.0
1957 Aleutians 9.0
1960 Chile 9.4
1964 Alaska 9.1
2004 Sumatra, Indonesia 9.1

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Link

NOAA

Tsunami-Related ArcIMS Map - NGDC
DMSP-OLS Power Outage Detection from January 1, 2005 on the Northern Tip of Sumatra - NGDC
Satellite Wave Hight Measurement

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Numerical Analysis

DCRC, Tohoku University

Modeling a tsunami generated by Northern Sumatra earthquake [12/26/2004]

Kenji Satake, AIST

Tsunamis in Indian Ocean from Sumatra Earthquake

Vasily Titov, NOAA / PMEL

NOAA REACTS QUICKLY TO INDONESIAN TSUNAMI

Ahmet Cevdet Yalciner, Middle East Technical University, Department of Civil Engineering, Ocean Engineering Research Center

The Model Studies on December 26, 2004 Indian Ocean Tsuanmi

Andrey Babeyko, University of Frankfurt/M and Stephan Sobolev, GFZ Potsdam, Germany

A Numerical Simulation of the Indian Ocean Tsunami 26 Dec. 2004
 

Nobuaki Koike, WNCT

Preliminary report of numerical computation of tsunamis generated by the December 26, 2004 Off Sumatra Island Earthquake, Indonesia

Shunichi Koshimura, DRI

DRI Preliminary Tsunami Modeling Report

DRS, Kyoto University

Reseach Center for Disaster Reduction Systems Tsunami Modeling Report

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Field Survey Result

Indonesia

January 17 - February 1, 2005.
Banda Aceh, etc.
Tsuji, University of Tokyo
Matsutomi, Akita University
Tanioka and Nishimura, Hokkaido University
Sakakiyama, Central Reseach Institute of Electric Power Industry
Kamataki, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science Technology
Murakami, Kansai Electric Power, co., inc.
Moore, Kent State University
Gelfenbanm, USGS
 
February 8 - February 17, 2005 in Japanese
Nanggroe Aceh dar es salam
Yamamoto, National Museum of Ethnology
Horie, Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention
Nishi, Daito Bunka Univeristy
 
February 11 - February 14, 2005.
Banda Aceh
T. Shibayama, J. Sasaki and T. Suzuki, Yokohama National University
A. Okayasu, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
R. Matsumaru, Pacific Consultants International
Masimin and Atiff, Syiah Kuala University
 
USC Tsunami Research Center

Thailand

December 30, 2004 - January 4, 2005.
Phi Phi Is., Phuket Is., Khao Lak
H. Matsutomi and T. Takahashi, Akita University
T. Hiraishi, Port and Airport Research Institute
M. Matsuyama, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry
K. Harada, Kyoto University
 
January 28 - January 29, 2005.
Phuket, Phangnga Province
K. Satake, Y. Okamura and M. Shishikura, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
K. Fujima, National Defense Academy
 
February 24 - March 4, 2005.
Y. Tsuji and Y Namegaya, University of Tokyo
H. Matsumoto, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
M. Sriwichai, Thai Meteorological Department
V. Meesuk, HAII

India

January 7 - January 11, 2005.
EERI Tsunami Survey - Oregon State University
February 20 - March 5, 2005. in Japanese
Sugimoto, National Museum of Ethnology
Sugimoto, Kyoto Bunkyo University
Fukao, Takushoku University
 
March 18 - March 27, 2005. in Japanese PPT
Andaman Islands
Ikeda, Kayanne and Echigo, University of Tokyo
Shishikura and Kamataki, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
 
Kato, Earthquake Research Institute, Univ. of Tokyo. in Japanese
Andaman Islands
 
Sato, Hirosaki Univ. in Japanese
Andaman Islands

Sri Lanka

January 4 - January 6, 2005.
Galle
Y. Kawata and T. Yasuda, Kyoto University
F. Imamura, Tohoku University
T. Tomita and T. Arikawa, Port and Airport Research Institute
 
January 6 - January 9, 2005.
Southern Coast
T. Shibayama, J. Sasaki, T. Suzuki and R. Jayaratne, Yokohama National University
A. Okayasu, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology
N. Wijayaratra, University of Ruhuna
 
January 9 - January 15, 2005.
USGS, EERI, NSF, GSMBSL, GeoEnv - Sri Lanka International Tsunami Survey Team
Initial Findings on Tsunami Sand Deposits, Damage, and Inundation in Sri Lanka
 
February 23 - March 19, 2005.
Tanioka and Nishimura, Hokkaido University
Matsumoto, Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
Inoue, Tokyo Institute of Technology
 
February 25 - March 5, 2005.
Southern Part
S. Sato, Y. Koibuchi, T. Honda, T. Welhena and S. Ranasinghe, University of Tokyo
 
March 12 - March 20, 2005. in Japanese
Takakuwa, Tokyo Metropolitan College
 
USC Tsunami Research Center
 
Tsunami Research at GTS

Maldives

January 27 - February 5, 2005.
Fujima and Shigihara, National Defense Academy
Tomita and Honda, Port and Airport Research Institute
Nobuoka, Ibaraki University
Hanzawa, Tetra Co., Ltd.
Fujii, INA Corporation
Otani, Taisei Corporation
Orishimo, Pacific Consultants International
Tatsumi, Wakachiku
Koshimura, Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution
 
USC Tsunami Research Center
 
Tsunami Research at GTS

Myanmar

March 6 - March 18, 2005.
Satake, Okamura, Sawai, Kamataki and Aung, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
Win, Nagoya University

Somalia

USC Tsunami Reseach Center
 
Tsunami Research at GTS

Malaysia

Ahmet C. Yalciner, Nor Hisham Ghazali, Ahmad Khairi Abd Wahab

Clearing House

Earthquake Engineering Reseach Institute

IOC POST-TSUNAMI SURVEY FIELD GUIDE (First Edition) (PDF)

Japanese Guide of Tsunami Field Survey (Imamura Memo) (Microsoft Word)

Japanese Example of Survey Sheets (2003 Tokachi-oki Earthquake Tsunami) (Microsoft Excel)

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Tide Table

(Tsuji, University of Tokyo)

Astronomical Tide Levels along the coast of Indian Ocean

Yoshinobu TSUJI, Yuichi NAMEGAYA, and Junichi ITO

Tide Table of Phuket

December, 2004
January, 2004
February, 2004

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Sea Level

(Iwasaki, NIED)

PSMSL

Sea Level Contacts Information (tel,fax,e-mail)
LIST OF COUNTRIES IN COUNTRY CODE ORDER
PSMSL Monthly and Annual Mean Sea Level Station Files
The Global Sea Level Observing System (GLOSS)

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Conferences

2005 Calendar of upcoming conferences and seminars - USC Tsunami Research Center

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Satellite Imagery

QuickBird

Digital Globe Inc.
Tsunami Media Gallery - Digital Globe
Banda Ache Tsunami Damage (PDF)  

IKONOS

Space Imaging Inc.
Tsunami Gallery - Space Imaging
Khao Lak, Thailand - Dec 29 - NASA
Lhoknga, Indonesia - Dec 29 - NASA
Chennai, India - Dec 29 - NASA

SPOT

Spot Image S. A.
Asia Tsunami Observed by SPOT
Port Blair, Andaman Islands - SPOT 5 image - 28/12/04

ASTER

Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer - NASA, METI, ERSDAC
ERSDAC

MODIS

Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer - NASA
Ache province, Indonesia - Dec 29 - NASA
A portion of Andaman Is., India - Jan 3 - NASA

SERTIT

Service Régional de Traitement d'Image et de Télédétection
Tsunami Asia

DMSP

Defense Meteorological Satellite Program
Banda Aceh
 

IRS

NRSA (National Remote Sensing Agency, Dept. of Space, India)
Tsunami

RADARSAT

CSA (Canadian Space Agency)

MERIS / IMP

ESA
Satellite Images of Asian Disaster

FORMOSAT-2

National Space Program Office, Taiwan

ORBIMAGE

ORBIMAGE Inc.
Tsunami Series

UNOSAT

United Nations
Tsunami in Asia-Pacific, Dec 2004

Charter

Regional Map of Tsunami-Affected Areas (JPEG)
Earthquake, tsunami in Indonesia and Thailand
Tsunami in Sri Lanka
Earthquake, tsunami in South Asia

CRISP

National University of Singapore
Tsunami Disaster in Asia

SRTM

Shuttle Radar Topography Mission - NASA

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Tsunami Videos

Asian Tsunami Video Footage from the Web - AsianTsunamiVideos.com

Photos and Videos from the aftermath of the Asia Tsunami - Waveofdestruction.org

Asia's Deadly Tsunami

Cheese and Crackers: Tsunami Video

PunditGuy: Tsunami Video

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Photo

Photo / Image Database

Kenji Harada / DPRI, Kyoto University

Photo / Image Site

Asian Tsunami Disaster - Yahoo! Slide Show
Thailand Photo Gallery - Tidal Wave - Thailand-Photos.net
Phuket Tsunami Photo Gallery by hellmut issels - pbase.com
Maldives Disaster Management Center
Tsunami Pictures - Tsunamis.com
US Navy NewsStand

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GIS Data

USGS

Hazards Data Distribution System

NOAA

Tsunami & Earthquake Data

PDC

Pacific Disaster Center

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United Nations Site Link

  (Provided by Abe, Tohoku Univ.)

UN News Center

Tsunami in South Asia

UN

Office of the Spokesman for the Secretary-General

OCHA

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
ReliefWeb
IRIN (Integrated Regional Information Networks)
IRINnews Africa

UNHCR

United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

WHO

World Health Organization
South Asia earthquake & tsunamis

WFP

World Food Programme
Newsroom
 

UNICEF

United Nations Children's Fund
Press centre

UNFPA

United Nations Population Fund
Asia Tsunami Disaster

UNESCO

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme
Newsroom

The World Bank Group

IMF

International Monetary Fund

ISDR

International Strategy for Disaster Reduction

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Media Site Link

Global

Reuters
Pictures
Reuters India
Reuters South Africa
Reuters AlertNet
S. Asia quake and tsunamis
Sri Lanka Tsunami
Thailand Tsunami
India tsunami
Indonesia quake and tsunami
Maldives tsunami
Tsunami hits E. Africa
BBC South Asia
BBC Africa
BBC Asia-Pasific
In depth -2004 - Asia Quake Disaster
CNN World
CNN.com Specials
AP
AFP
allafrica.com
Oceans and Rivers
AfricanNewsSearch.com
iafrica.com

USA, UK

ABC News
Tsunami Extended Coverage
CBS News
FOX News
BBC
MSNBC
Asia's Deadly Tsunami
Discovery Channel
The next wave: science of tsunami
The Washington Post
The New York Times
Asia's Deadly Wave
Honolulu Star-Bulletin
The Seattle Times
Los Angeles Times
The Times
Tsunami
Daily Telegraph
Tsunami Fact File

Australia

The Australian
The Age
Waves of destruction
ABC(Australian Broadcasting Corporation)
Asia Tsunami Disaster
news.com.au
Tsunami Disaster
The Sydney Morning Herald
Waves of Devastation

New Zealand

New Zealand Herald
TVNZ
 

Sri Lanka

TamilNet
Sri Lanka News Web
The Island
Daily News

India

PTI(Press Trusto of India)
The Indian Express
Indian Daily
Hindustan Times
The Hindu
Indiainfo.com

Indonesia

Jakarta Post
Indonesia News
Indonesia Post

Thailand

Bangkok Post
The Nation
Thai News Agencies(Link)

Maldives

Haveeru Daily
Minivan News

Malaysia

The Star Online
BERNAMA
MalaysiaNews.net

Myanmar

Burma Daily
MyanmarNews.net

Bangladesh

The Daily Star
(archive)

Somalia

Somalia News
Horn of Africa News Agency (HANA)
IRIN News.org: Somalia

Kenya

Daily Nation
KBC(Kenya Broadcasting Corporation)

Tanzania

Tanzania News

Madagascar

Madagascar News

South Africa

Mail & Guardian Online
Independent Online
NEWS24.com

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Casualty

Affected Area

Worst Affected Areas - Guardian Unlimited

Regional Map of Tsunami-Affected Areas (JPEG) - Charter

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Casualty by country 

(2/1 WHO)
Country Areas / people affected Damage Displaced Peoples Relief Injured Missing Deaths
Sri Lanka 12 coastal districts
103,789 affected families
103,753
affected houses
500,668 328 relief camps 15,196 5,644 30,959
India 2200 km of coastal land
300m-3km inland
3 million people
897 villages
157,393 dwelling units
11,827 HA of cropped area
1.56B USD
647,556 595 relief camps
with 376,171 people
638,297 people evacuated
6,898 5,551 10,872
Indonesia Aceh: Districts (14 out of 21);
1 million people
172 sub-districts
1550 villages
21,659 houses destroyed
417,124 living in spontaneous settlements 103 camps officially listed - numbers and camps remain fluid 1,736 hospitalized 127,749 101,199 buried
Thailand 6 provinces on west Thai coast with 308 villages
12,068 households
6.85M Baht have been provided to assist victims   47,708 rescue workers mobilized 8,457 3,144 5,332
Malaysia NW states of Penang and Kedah   8,000 30,000 in 9 camps 73 in-patient
694 outpatient
6 68
Maldives 20 atolls
100,000 people affected
3,997 buildings, including 30 health facilities at differing levels 10,578   1,313 26 83
Myanmar

23 villages,
10-15,000 people affected long-term.?
5-7,000 directly affected

592 houses of 17 villages destroyed 2,592 homeless/ households (537)   43 3 61
Bangladesh             2
(1/3 16:00 CNN)
East Africa             136
(12/30 20:36 共同通信)
(Somalia) Puntland region worst-hit,? 650 km of coastline 600 families have lost properties.
2,600 fishing boats destroyed
Approx. 4,000 Many sheltering under plastic sheeting or in branch huts NA NA At least 150
(Tanzania)             10
(1/3 16:00 CNN)
(Seychelles)             Unconfirmed reports of deaths
(12/29 19:39 CNN)
(Madagascar)              
(Kenya)             1
(12/29 19:39 CNN)

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Passenger casualties form areas outside the region

  (12/29 0:30 Reuters, etc.)
Country Deaths
France
22
UK
16
Norway
13
Itary
11
Sweden
10
US
8
Austraria
6
Japan
9
Koria
4
Germany
4
Austria
4
Canada
3
Belgium
2
Singapore
2
Denmark
2
South Africa
2
New Zealand
1

 

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Witnesses and Experiences

Tsunami Survivor Stories

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Mitigation and Preparedness

Project for the Promotion of the Story of "Inamura no Hi" in the Asian region

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International Relief

AmeriCares South Asia Earthquake Relief Fund

Direct Relief International International Assistance Fund

Médecins Sans Frontières International Tsunami Emergency Appeal

Oxfam Asian Earthquake & Tsunami Fund

 

ReliefWeb

Sarvodaya Relief Fund for Tsunami Tragedy

Save the Children Asia Earthquake/Tsunami Relief Fund

USAID Earthquake and Tsunami Relief

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Activities of International Organizations

Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP): Mid-Term Review of the Flash Appeal 2005 for Indian Ocean Earthquake - Tsunami - ReliefWeb/OCHA

Response of countries outside the region

 (1/27 BBC)

List (PDF) - OCHA

Japan $500M government donations, 120 civilian emergency workers
United States $350M(Expected to rise to $650M) government donations, military assistance involving 12,600 personnel, 21 ships, 14 cargo planes and more than 90 helicopters, $200M private donations
Norway $183M government donations, $30M private donations
Britain $96M government donations, $466M private donations, Two RAF planes, a C-17 and a Tristar, are helping to deliver aid to the region.
Italy $95M government aid, $20M private donations,
Sweden $80M government donations, at least $75M private donations
Denmark $75M government aid, a field hospital, transport vehicles and a ship to the UN aid effort
Spain $68M government donations, a medical team has been sent to Sri Lanka
France $66M government donations, an estimated $90M raised in private and business donations, A medical team has been sent to Sri Lanka
Canada $343M government donations, at least $75M private donations, highly-specialised Disaster Assistance Response Team to Sri Lanka
China $83M government donations, $1.8M donated to the Chinese Red Cross
South Korea $50M government aid, nearly $13M private donations
North Korea pledged $150,000 to the aid effort in Indonesia
Australia $764M over five years government offer of aid, $77M public total, about 350 military staff, 4 military helicopters, a troop transport ship, a military health support team and a water purification plant are being sent to Indonesia, as well as a team of volunteer medical professionals.
Netherlands $34M government donations, further $259M has been allocated for reconstruction, $35M private donations, police identification team has been sent to Thailand
Russia $10M in government aid, additional aid, including grain and water purifiers
Germany government aid to $647M over three years, an estimated $586M public donations, a mobile hospital to Aceh and a military ship with two helicopters, aid supplies, water treatment equipment and an operating theatre on board
Qatar $25m in government aid, food, medical and logistical supplies to affected countries

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Response of International Organization

 (1/27 BBC)
World Bank $250M
European Union $628M in reconstruction and humanitarian funds, of which $130m is humanitarian aid
IMF has offered up to $1bn in financial assistance
Asian Development Bank $500M has been allocated to Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the Maldives in the form of grants and highly concessional funds

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Response of countries inside affected region

 (1/27 BBC)
India relief operation in Sri Lanka, the Maldives and Indonesia, involves at least 16,000 troops, 32 navy ships, 41 aircraft including at least 16 helicopters, several medical teams and a mobile hospital. The air force has so far lifted 10,000 tonnes of relief supplies.
Bangladesh 111 soldiers to Sri Lanka and the Maldives, with a further 46 expected to join them, Two planes and two helicopters
Pakistan 500 military staff in medical and engineering teams in Indonesia and Sri Lanka
Afghanistan pledged to send around a dozen medics and a planeload of medicine and equipment to India and Sri Lanka. Citizens have donated blood.

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Government Site

Thailand - Official Tsunami and Disaster Center

India - National Disaster Management

Sri Lanka - Center for National Operations

Maldives - National Disaster Management Center

Malaysia - National Security Division

US - Indian Ocean Tsunami

Japan - Major Earthquake off the Coast of Sumatra and Tsunami in the Indian Ocean

EU - Tsunami Disaster European Solidarity

ASEAN - Committee on Disaster Management

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Link

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Copyright 2004-2005 Research Group on the December 26, 2004 Earthquake Tsunami Disaster of Indian Ocean.
All Rights Reserved. All Quotations and Data are Copyrighted Materials of their Credits.