JAPANESE / ENGLISH

The December 26, 2004 Sumatra Earthquake Tsunami,
Tsunami Field Survey around Phuket, Thailand

This site of survey results is maintained by Kenji HARADA(Research Center for Disaster Reduction Systems,
Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University, JAPAN). Email to: harada@drs.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp


Index

     
Period of field survey Survey Team Members Results of field survey Photos

Period of Survey

1st Survey December 30, 2004 --- January 4, 2005 (6 days)
2nd Survey January 28, 2005 --- January 29, 2005 (2 days)

Survey Team Member

1st Survey Team Member

Japan

Hideo MATSUTOMI Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Akita University
Tetsuya HIRAISHI Head of Wave Division, Marine Environment and Engineering Department, Port and Airport Reseach Institute(PARI)
Tomoyuki TAKAHASHI Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Akita University
Masafumi MATSUYAMA Civil Engineering Research Laboratory, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry(CRIEPI)
Kenji HARADA Research Center for Disaster Reduction Systems, Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University
Sittichai Nakusakul Doctoral Student, Yokohama National University

Thai

Seree Supartid Proffessor, Dean College of Engineering, Ransit University
Wattana Kanbua Meteorologist, Thai Meterological Department
Chaitawat Siwabowon Mechanical Engineer, Ministy of Interior, Thai
Sittiporn Phetdee Scientist, Ministy of Interior, Thai
Warlsatha Janchoowong Scientist, Ministy of Interior, Thai
Suchaya Suttiwanakul Scientist, Ministy of Interior, Thai
Mongkonkorn Srivichai Doctoral Student, College of Engineering, Ransit University

 

2nd Survey Team Member

Kenji SATAKE Active Fault Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, JAPAN
Yukinobu OKAMURA Active Fault Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, JAPAN
Masanobu SHISHIKURA Active Fault Research Center, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, JAPAN
Koji FUJIMA National Defense Academy, JAPAN

Tsunami survey results


Measured Tsunami Height (m)

 


Survey Results of Tsunami Height

¦‚P The correction of tide are calcurated from the tide table at Phuket.
  The tide table are used below web-pages, which were posted to tsunami-japan mailing-list(Dec. 30, 2004) by Prof. Tsuji, Tokyo Univ.
http://www.thaifishingguide.com/tide_table/tide_dec04.html
http://www.thaifishingguide.com/tide_table/tide_jan05.html
¦2 Tsunami arrival time is assumed at 10:00 a.m. December 16, 2004 in localtime.
¦3 NOTE: The trace heights of 14.6 and 15.5 at Laem Pakarang were obtained at cape head, 9.3 was at 5m apart from there, and 7.1 and 8.7 at 20m apart there. Thease two data may not be the representative, but the local or momentary one.

 

1st Survey Results

No. Survey Point Latitude
(N)
Longtitude
(E)
Measured height(depth) (m) Distance from Shoreline (m) Inundation or Runup Note Measured Time
(in Localtime)
Tsunami arrival time¦2

Corrected tsunami height (m)¦1

1 Karon Beach (South part) 7‹49.759' 98‹17.878' 4.92 147.62   debris of back shed, transfared by tsunami 9:50, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.04
2 Karon Beach (Central part) 7‹50.510' 98‹17.834' 4.99 105.63 Runup entrance of hotel, 2nd wave 10:45, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.49
3 Karon Beach (North part) 7‹49.285' 98‹17.894' 3.58 52.66   landside load, ground level at broken wall 11:50, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004  
4 Moodong Canal (Chalong Bay) 7‹50.507' 98‹22.513' 3.27   Inundation end of load after pass through Phuket ZooCboat dock was washed out, died grass level 14:05, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 3.15
5 Phalai village (Chalong Bay) 7‹50.328' 98‹22.351' 3.28 172.88 Inundation died grass height +2.00m 15:20, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 2.75
6 Makham Bay (North, Pier) 7‹52.214' 98‹25.037' 2.43 45.17 Runup 1st step at Ticket Center 16:48, 31.dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 1.39
7 Sire village (Siray Is.) 7‹52.372' 98‹25.503' 3.94 81.36 Inundation Inundatied at breast(+1.3m),hearing 17:35, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 2.67
8 Khao Lak 8‹38.225' 98‹15.046' 9.90 132.49 Inundation height of the washed roof tiles 10:00, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 8.8
9 Khao Lak 8‹38.216' 98‹15.150' 10.70 286.09 Inundation edge of the eaves of damaged Cottage 10:00, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 9.6
10 Chalong Bay Pier 7‹49.130' 98‹24.168' 3.83   Inundarion height of inundated pier 15:02, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 3.62
11 Leam Him 7‹56.592' 98‹24.075' 1.23 216.19     16:01, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 0.72
12 Bang Rong Pier 8‹2.849' 98‹25.124' 2.50   Inundarion pire of broken boat dock 17:26, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 1.47
2.46   Inundarion height on floor of broken stilt house 17:54, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 1.29
13 Phi Phi Don (North coast) 7‹44.334' 98‹46.621' 6.89 242.16 Inundarion Trace on wall of house 10:30, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.84
14 Phi Phi Don (South coast) 7‹44.898' 98‹46.323' 5.32 62.63 Inundarion 2nd floor of hotel 11:24, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.58
15 Phi Phi Don South-North 7‹44.253' 98‹46.393'       South coast to Northshore 11:40, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004  
16 Patong Beach 7‹53.029' 98‹17.522' 6.39   Inundation sea, Trace on wall 9:00, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.09
17 Patong Beach 7‹53.245' 98‹17.743' 5.85
(2.13)
  Inundaton sea 9:40, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.88
6.41
(2.03)
  Inundation   5.44
6.3
(1.11)
  Inundarion   5.33
6.25
(1.11)
  Inundation trace point 5.28
19 Patong Beach 7‹53.632' 98‹17.922' 5.83   Inundation Trace on wall 11:10, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.48
20 Patong Beach 7‹53.532' 98‹17.879' 5.24
(1.8)
  Inundation   11:35, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.02
21 Patong Beach 7‹54.226' 98‹18.033' 4.91
(1.2)
  Inundation Trace on wall, ground height=3.23m, load 13:09, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.9
4.8
(1.37)
  Inundation 4.79
22 Kamala Beach 7‹56.833' 98‹16.961' 5.12
(2.15)
  Inundation sea,Trace on wall, ground height=2.88m, load 14:35, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.85
23 Kamala Beach 7‹56.791' 98‹16.919' 5.72
(2.95)
  Inundation trace point, Trace on wall 15:05, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.29
4.86
(2.21)
    ground surface come down toward rever 4.47
24 Bang Thao beach 8‹0.117' 98‹17.762' 4.36
(1.4)
  Inundation trace on tree,height of sand beach is 4m 16:30, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 3.41
4.99
(1.29)
  Inundation Trace on tree 4.04
4.71
(1.04)
  Inundation Trace on toilet 3.76
5.36
(1.09)
    wetness 4.41
4.9
(0.37)
  Inundation Trace on box 3.95
25 Nai Yang Beach 8‹5.207' 98‹18.025' 5.00
(1.5)
  Inundation Trace on wall 16:30, 31.Dec.2004 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.05
5.02
(1.23)
  Inundation Trace on wall 4.07
26 Khao Lak 8‹38.132' 98‹14.927' 10.14
(4.74)
  Inundation Trace on wall, ground height=4.15m 9:03, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 8.76
10.72
(6.26)
      9.34
10.88
(7.15)
    Trace on wall 9.50
27 8‹38.116' 98‹15.02' 10.83
    mes.point 9:03, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 9.45
10.66       9.28
28 8‹38.24' 98‹15.045' 9.6
(6.2)
    sea 10:25, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 8.67
29 8‹38.243' 98‹15.046' 9.64     mes.point 8.71
30 8‹38.265' 98‹15.187'       load  
31 8‹38.413' 98‹14.975'       sea 11:38, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004  
32 8‹38.41' 98‹15.026' 10.36
(4.9)
  Runup mes.point,Trace on reef 9.91
10.01
(5.48)
  Runup mes.point,Trace on Building 9.56
33 8‹38.41' 98‹15.101' 8.8
(5)
    mes.point 8.35
34 8‹38.42' 98‹15.176' 9.91   Runup mes.point, Top of runup 9.46
35 8‹39.668' 98‹14.964' 9.45
(8.68)
    mes.point, Trace on tree 13:23, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 9.35
36 8‹39.65' 98‹14.977' 9.81
(6.6)
  Inundation mes.point, Trace on building 13:23, 1.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 9.71
7.48
(4.4)
      7.38
37 8‹40.976' 98‹14.622'       sea 9:15, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004  
38 8‹40.976' 98‹14.66' 9.69
(4.7)
  Inundation mes.point, Trace on reef(house) 9:15, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 8.27
9.72
(5)
  Inundation Trace on building 8.30
9.41
(4.5)
  Inundation Trace on tree 7.99
10.01
(4.94)
  Inundation Trace on reef(house) 8.59
12.04       10.62
9.92       8.50
9.59
(4.64)
      8.17
39 8‹44.538' 98‹15.304' 6.58
(3)
  Inundation sea, Trace on reef(house) 13:50, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 6.46
6.18       6.06
6.23       6.11
40 8‹43.536' 98‹13.939' 6.42   Inundation Trace on wall(2F) 15:25, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 6.24
41 8‹44.062' 98‹13.519' 4.58
(1.7)
    mes.point, ground height=3.88m, Load 14:25, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.48
42 8‹43.748' 98‹13.546' 6.9
(3.89)
  Inundation mes.point, Trace on wall(house) 17:00, 2.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 6.3
9.46
(6.78)
    mes.point 8.86
43 8‹11.044' 98‹17.493' 5.58
(1.1)
  Inundation Trace on tree 12:08, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.83
4.07
(0.49)
  Inundation Trace on wall 3.32
44 8‹11.842' 98‹17.988' 3.56
(1.12)
  Inundation Trace on house 12:53, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 3.11
45 8‹16.298' 98‹16.793' 4.28
(3)
  Inundation Trace on tree 13:50, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.05
4.53
(3.22)
  Inundation Trace on tree 4.30
46 8‹18.251'
98‹16.479'
4.4
(2.45)
  Inundation
Trace on wall
14:50, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.28
47 Kata Noi Beach 7‹48.152'
98‹18.152'
5.3
(0.59)
  Inundation
Broken window frame of Shop
9:50, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 3.88
48 Rawai Beach 7‹46.329'
98‹19.681'
3.53   Inundation
11:00, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 2.43
49 Frendship Beach Hotel (Rawai Rest Area) 7‹47.775'
98‹20.379'
3.45   Inundation
Floor face of Restaurant in the open air
11:40, 3.Jan.2005 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 2.35

2nd Survey Results

No. Survey Point Latitude
(N)
Longtitude
(E)
Measured height(depth) (m) Distance from Shoreline (m) Inundation or Runup Note Measured Time
(in Localtime)
Tsunami arrival time¦2

Corrected tsunami height (m)¦1

1 Kamala Beach 7‹56' 58.9"N 98‹16' 47.6"E     inundation water mark on wall inside a house ~50m from beach Jan 28, 14:20 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.4
2 Ban Na Tai 8‹17' 33.4"N 98‹16' 23.1"E     inundation lower: debris on tree, upper: broken branch Jan 29, 9:50 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 4.3, 5.1
3 Tap Lam Navy Base 8‹34' 12.1"N 98‹13' 26.6"E     inundation water mark and eyewitness Jan 29, 11:07 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 3.8
4 Ban Kao Lak 8‹36' 40.1"N 98‹14' 18.4"E     inundation broken roof of cottage Jan 29, 11:40 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 7.8
5 Ban Niang Beach 8‹40' 28.3"N 98‹14' 31.7"E     inundation mark on tree Jan 29, 13:30 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 8.5, 8.6, 9.5, 8.8
6 Ban Niang Beach 8‹40' 17.1"N 98‹14' 34.5"E     inundation mark on house (2nd floor) Jan 29, 13:50 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 7.6
7 Ban Niang Beach 8‹42' 01.2"N 98‹14' 23.0"E     inundation marks on hotel (2nd floor) Jan 29, 14:47 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 5.8, 6.2
8 Ban Niang Beach 8‹42' 01.2"N 98‹14' 23.0"E     inundation broken roof Jan 29, 14:47 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 7.9
9 Laem Pakarang 8‹44' 10.9"N 98‹13' 20.7"E     inundation marks on trees Jan 29, 15:27 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 7.1, 8.7, 9.3,(14.6, 15.5)¦3
10 Ban Nam Kem 8‹51' 51.5"N 98‹16' 27.5"E     inundation water mark on house Jan 29, 16:45 10:00, 26.Dec.2004 6.4

 


Tide level in Phuket



Photos from Field Survey

Click the site name to see photos


last updated : Wednesday, 09.02.2005 14:57

Copyright (C) 2005 Thailand Group, International Tsunami Survey Team of Indian Ocean Tsunami Disaster.
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